People living with HIV can give birth to HIV-negative babies. Most of the advice for people with HIV is the same as it would be for anyone else thinking about having a baby. Some extra steps are necessary though to reduce the likelihood of HIV being passed on.
When a person is taking HIV treatment, and they have an undetectable
viral load, the risk of HIV being passed on to their baby is just 0.1% (or one in a thousand).
When thinking about conceiving, the advice will depend on each individual’s circumstances. Advice will be based on your general health; whether you are taking anti-HIV drugs; your viral load; and whether your partner has HIV.
If you are not already taking anti-HIV medication, you will be advised to do so. HIV can be passed on during pregnancy and birth; having an undetectable viral load will prevent this.
If you are planning on getting pregnant and are already taking anti-HIV medication, talking to your HIV specialist will give you a clearer understanding about your current medication and if it is still the best option during pregnancy.